Whether you’re involved in business, social or personal interactions, gum disease can affect your appearance when you smile and your confidence in expressing yourself. Why let gum disease ruin your ability to be the best you that you can be? Understanding how gum disease occurs and associated health implications can help you seek the treatment you need not just for improved oral well-being but for radiating beauty when you smile.
How gum disease occurs
Natural bacteria inhabit our mouths within oral mucous and the food particles we consume. When running your tongue over your teeth, particularly after several hours have passed since you last brushed your teeth, you’ll feel a slightly sticky texture, which is the start of colourless plaque attaching to your teeth. Although natural, when left to accumulate, this plaque starts to harden as “tartar” which teeth-brushing will not remove. When tartar builds up, colonies of bacteria increase and inflame the gums. The inflammation of the gums is the start of gum disease, sometimes called “gingivitis”, with symptoms of red swelling, bleeding and bad breath. Not brushing teeth regularly and missing oral hygiene check-ups are causes of gum disease, as is a hereditary predisposition, hormonal changes, medications, diabetes and smoking.
Untreated gum disease leads to tooth loss and poor health
If left untreated, tartar-causing gingivitis can develop into periodontal disease, causing the gums to pull away from the teeth, leaving pockets that become infected triggering an anti-bacterial immune response, which breaks down gum tissue and oral bone structure. Besides tooth loss and discomfort, the oral-facial structure can change due to periodontal disease altering connective tissue, bone structure and muscle function, which gives us our facial shape, tone and expression. Neurological and cardiac conditions may also develop if periodontal disease is left untreated.
Improving your smile through treating gum disease
If you develop gum disease, you may experience bad breath and if the disease develops, it can alter your oral-facial structures, which uphold your beautiful smile. Do seek treatment for tartar build-up and prevent gum disease early through dental treatments at dentists serving patients from London:
- Deep cleaning with scaling and root planning.
- Prescribed anti-bacterial medications.
- Root canal treatment for infection.
- Dental implants and crowns for tooth loss.
- Bone and tissue grafts.
- Guided tissue regeneration.
- Oral surgery